MARMARIS

Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelOnce a sleepy fishing village, Marmaris has ballooned into one of the largest resorts on the Aegean coast, if not Turkey. Little of its history remains, as the town is now a modern development with tourism at its heart and soul. The population swells to a massive 200,000 in the summer, with most hotels, restaurants, nightclubs and shops catering to low-cost package holidays, although there are facilities for all budgets.

Despite the development which reaches around 10km along the west of the bay, Marmaris is also well-known for its expanse of green, present the whole year round thanks to the pine-covered hills which surround the town. There are many beaches around the bay, and there are ancient cities and seaside villages close by for day trips. The yacht harbor is the biggest and newest in Turkey, and therefore the busiest charter port especially for trips along the Turquoise Coast. In addition to the climate, beaches and facilities of the town, the transportation infrastructure is a definite plus for attracting visitors. It has easy connections to the nearby airport Dalaman, ferries to Rhodes, and on the road to Datca and Fethiye. The harbour has attracted private boats from around the world, with yacht maintenance and production in the workshops on the Yalanci Strait. With the climate being comfortable even in winter, and the nearby impressive mountains and pine forests, Marmaris is likely to remain a popular and practical holiday spot for a long time.

History

It is thought that the first settlement in Marmaris, whose history dates back to 3400 BC, began with the arrival of a tribe to the region, whose leader was called Kar. The area was then called Karla after him, and its location around the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas always made it an appealing region.
Suleyman the Magnificent assembled a force of 200,000 in 1522, whilst launching the siege of the Knights of St John’s base in Rhodes (Rodos). Soon afterwards, he made the city more powerful with the rebuilding of the tiny castle overlooking the town. Lord Nelson and his entire fleet sheltered in the harbor in 1798, en route to Egypt to defeat Napoleon’s armada at the Battle of Aboukir.
Marmaris therefore became a place where different civilizations reigned over time, and there is architectural and historical evidence of Egyptian, Asdur, Ion, Dor, Persian, Macedonian, Syrian, Roman, Byzantium, Seljuk and Ottoman presence.

Climate

Summers are extremely hot and dry, with daytime temperatures reaching up to 35 degrees, and winters are warm and wet, plunging to 5 degrees at night. The area is quite typical of a Mediterranean climate.

ORHANIYE

Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelOrhaniye is situated on the Loryma peninsular 23 km west of Marmaris. Approx 1.5 hrs from Dalaman Airport. Always popular with the yachters Orhaniye has been described as one of the prettiest bays in the Mediterranean. Dream of that perfect Mediterranean fishing village, a place to relax and enjoy beautiful surroundings – Orhaniye could be the place of your dreams. Deep blue sea, tall green mountains, fishing boats jostle amongst the yachts. Along the water front are a few hotels, restaurants and traditional market shops, tea house and barber shop.  Strolling through the village you will see families working in the fields and leading their cattle to pasture. Orhaniye’s people are very friendly, they grow their own vegetables, make their living from sheep farming, bee keeping, gathering herbs and harvesting olives and citrus fruit from ancient groves that dot the hillside. Day trippers visit Orhaniye to see the Kizkumu, a long sand bar – where tourists can really “walk on water”. Other local attractions include a waterfall and a traditional carpet factory. Hire a car or a boat and visit the other villages on the peninsular - Turgut, Selimiye, Bayir, Bozburun and etc..  Orhaniye is only 35 mins away by dolmus from Marmaris – the local buses run every half an hours.

KIZKUMU = (Maiden’s Beach) = GIRLSAND
Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol Motel

According to legend, pirates shattered the small world of a young girl who lived all alone. When the pirates came ashore, the young girl was terrifed and decided to run for her life. She decided she could not escape by running along the shore. She saw the opposite shore as her chance of escape and wanted to reach it in a hurry. She made a pouch with her skirt and filled it with sand, then headed into the sea, but the sand in her skirt only got her half way to the opposite shore. Since that day, much has changed but still many people walk the red shingle road left behind by the young lady. The other interesting aspect about Orhaniye is the castle situated on a little island in one corner of the bay. This quiet bay is a lovely spot for boats.

SELIMIYE
Selimiye Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelSelimiye is a traditional boatbuilders village, backed by craggy mountains with a beautiful bay. There are wonderful restaurants providing good food and an excellent point to swim from in the crystal clear water. They also provide a good point from which to watch the local shipbuilders transform rough hewn pieces of wood into beatuiful sea vessels. Selimiye is 22 kms away from Orhaniye and can be reached by dolmus from Marmaris, or at any point along the route. From a distance, Selimiye appears as two small bays lying side by side with small islets jutting out of water. Selimiye is an old Greek village and durind these times was known as Losta. It s said that the two castles which once stood atop the hills above the present day town were from Hellenistic times. Further down the hill, there is a small fortification that was also built by the Greeks. Like most of the villages in this area, the majority of the population in Selimiye is "Youk" (nomads). Fishing and almond cultivation are the major sources of income for the village although in recent years, yachting tourism has also developed to quite an extent.

SOGUT

Söğüt Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelA road heading uphill takes you from the coastal plains and into the village of Sogut. Sogut is the oldest village in the area. In year past, in this village, sponge fishing, thyme cultivation, fishing and goat herding were of major importance but now, the main source of income for the area is tourism and yachting. There are two roads leading from the village centre to the shore, one of which leads to the Cumhuriyet District (Saranda) and the other of which leads to the Kizilyer District. These two districts are separated by a headland. You can take a boat to the islands close by and certainly the little church on Sogut islands is worth seeing.

DATCA - KNIDOS

Datca Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelKnidos Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelAccording to geographical expert Strabon, Knidos was a city built on the must beautiful of peninsulas for the most beautiful of godesses. Knidos is located on Resadiye Headland on the western end of the Datca Peninsula. According to Heredotus, colonists from Sparta established Knidos, which was built from the shore to the acropolis on terraced earth and resembled an amphitheatre. Knidos has two ancient harbours on opposite sides of the headland although these days a large amount of these former harbours are filled with sand the result of very strong winds. Among the ruins of the ancient city of Knidos, one can find a theatre which seated 4,500 people, The Temple of Aphrodite, Roman age Bouleterion (council hall), a Sanctuary of Demeter, an ancient sundial, city walls and houses from Roman and Hellenistic times.

TURUNC

Turunc Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelOnce a tiny farming and fishing village, Turunc has developed since the late 1980s into an upmarket tourist resort, with hotels, villas and restaurants. The village, on the east coast of the Hisaronu peninsula, is 21km from Marmaris and accessible by road and sea. Its main attraction for Turkish and foreign tourists is its stunning location, and 500m beach of course sand with a backdrop of pine-tufted cliffs.
You will find Turunc a peaceful and relaxing escape from the bustle of Marmaris, a clean uncrowded beach, pleasant waterside restaurants, interesting friendly shops and a relaxed, laid back attitude to life. Market day in Turunc is tradfitionally Monday, although much smaller than Marmaris or Icmeler markets; Turunc has a pleasant little market, situated on the hillside by the Amos road at the southern end of the bay, which is only a ten minute walk up from the harbour. After your mornings bartering try lunch at the Antik restaurant or for something different a barbecued lunch at the remodelled Turunc restaurant, both are situated just below the market place, quiet retreats just out of town. A day in Turunc makes a delightful interlude in your holiday but be careful, you may fall victim to that Turunc magic and find yourself returing there year like so many visitors who have gone before you.
Make a day out in Turunc by taking the water taxi from Marmaris quay, a lovely cruise across the bay passing Icmeler along the way, about a forty minut boat ride. For land lubbers take the Turunc Dolmus from Marmaris through Icmeler and over the spectacular corkscrew mountain road, the views over Turunc bay are simply spectacular, breathtakingly beautiful at every turn. For the best of both worlds combine the water taxi and the Dolmus for the perfect round trip, you won't regret it.

KUMLUBUK

The bay appears as an arch, with the two ends being bent well back. It is surrounded by green hlls, tapering off to join the coast on the southeast side. Kumlubuk is a quiet place of immense natural beauty offering modern acommodation. You can find every kind of establishment, from modern hotels to little restaurants frequented by daytrip boats. Kumlubuku as a destination is lots of fun, not only because of its wonderful beaches but also on account of the numerous trekking opportunities in the nearby hills. A walk in the hills to the southeast is especially interesting, as you will discover a surprise cave. You can only enter this cave by bending and once you are in, the front gallery is three or four metres high. The cave has stalagmites and stalactites and in this way, resembles the Damlatas cave in Antalya. As this cave has only recently been discovered there are as yet no amenities in place for visitors. Research has shown that this cave is 5,000 years and narrow channels take you through into different galleries.

BAYIR

Asclepius's son, Podalerius, who was doctor to the Greek armies during the Trojan War, married the King of Caria's daughter, Syrna during the time of Carian sovereignty in the area. The king bestowed a gift to the groom, that being the Loryma Peninsula. Afterwards, Podelerius set up two cities in the area and named one of these after this wife. There is not much left of Syrna today, the site being situated near present day Bayir. Bayir is one of the biggest villages in the area and is know for its industrious village folk and the massive plane tree found in the village square. You can reach Bayir through steep forested hills. While here, you can sit at one of the cafes in the centre and rest in the shade of a 2,000 year old plane tree, or you can buy some of the area's famous thyme, pine and flower honey from one of the stalls in the same square. The community spring gushes with cool refreshing water through the heat of the summer, so take the opportunity to cool off and relax.

WATERFALL (SELALE)

Waterfall Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelAfter passing Bayir, turn right at the Bozburun turn off. After approximately one kilometer, turn right again onto an unsealed road and this will take you to the waterfalls. At the restaurants set beneath the liquidambar trees you can dine on trout raised in the pools right in front of you. The fact that the flour used in making the "gozleme" (pan-fried filled pastries) you eat was ground at the small watermill alongside the falls will surely draw yur interest. Towards the top, you will see small ponds of water sitting below plane, pine and liquidamber trees. On hot summer days, the waterfall is a favourite place of respite with its clean, ice-cold water. If you continue to walk uphill the pretty melody of the flowing water will lead you to the source of the stream. The liquidambar trees found along this watercourse are of a species that is slowly dying out they are found in only a few places in the world.

BOZBURUN

Bozburun is a beautiful seaside village where the day can be spent wandering around the souvenir shops, swimming from the rocks (there is no proper beach) or relaxing in one of the waterfront cafes, watching the ship builders make stunning boats and gulets. Every Monday there is a market which sells everything from fruit and vegetables, to clothes to toys, all at very reasonable prices. Bozburun is 30kms away from Orhaniye and can be reached by dolmus (public minibus) which leaves from Marmaris and can be picked up anywhere along the route.

TURGUT

Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelTurgut is a small village 5 kms away from Orhaniye. Its main attraction is a beautiful waterfall cascading over the rocks. It is possible to walk to the top, or simply sit in the cafe and enjoy a Turkish tea. Turgut can be reached by Dolmus, or if you're feeling a bit more adventurous, it is possible to reach by foot or bicycle.

HISARONU

Hisaronu is 6 kms away from Orhaniye and is the nearest town with a doctors surgery and police station. Like Orhaniye, Hisaronu has a beautiful bay backed by pine clad mountains, offering a great sense of tranquility. It can be reached by Dolmus, car, bike, or for the energetic, by foot!

CEDRAE
Sedir adası Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelThe ancient ruins of Cedrae in the island of Saray, date back to the Hellenistic Roman era. What is known as the City Islands is comprised of Orta Island and Kucuk Island. The remains of the ramparts can be easily seen from the distance.
The island took its name from the rumour that Cleopatra swam with the locals in a small bay at the northwest of the island. Furthermore, she was supposed to have entered the sea with Mark Anthony, the sands of which were transferred from Northern Africa via ships by Anthony – which may be true as this type of sand is only seen in Egypt.
The remains of buildings surrounded by ramparts on the east of Saray island date back from the Roman and Hellenistic period, and the small amphitheatre is in the best condition. The Christian Basilica was constructed over the pedestals of the Apollo Temple, belonging to Dors. There is an Agora on the west of Saray with inscriptions suggesting that athletics festivals devoted to Apollo were organised in the region. There are Necropolis ruins at Kucuk Island, as well as column reliefs.

MARMARIS CASTLE

Thought to have been constructed by the Ionians, this small castle on the hill was repaired during the time of Alexander the Great. It was widened and repaired again by Suleyman the Magnificent 1522, during which time his 200,000 troops attacked and seized the island of Rhodes.
The castle opened as a museum in 1991, after restorations that took ten years. It has seven galleries, and has a collection of archaeological, historical, ethnographic and nautical exhibits. The views of the city are wonderful, with a wonderful panorama day and night.

CIFTLIK

Çiftlik Orhaniye Kizkumu Kızkumu Orhaniye Marmaris Erol MotelThe bay of Ciftlik is accessible via a two hour boat journey from Icmeler. This once-isolated village and beach is now being developed for tourism, with a holiday village and hotels. It is especially favoured by sailors as a good spot for their yachts, and its course-grained sands and waterside restaurants are increasingly popular. The village has a small island within the bay, is also a favourite with jeep-faring safari tourists.

SARIANA MAUSOLEUM

The mausoleum, in the district of Sariana, has a bird's eye view of the city and has a new mosque adjacent to it. Before the Rodos expedition, it was here that Kanuni (Suleyman the Magnificent) had visited Fatma Ana (Sariana) who was famous for her predictions,. After she gave him a positive response, he commenced the siege. Before his departure from Marmaris, thousands of Ottoman soldiers left on their journey after a nourishing breakfast of the milk from Sarıana's cow.